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Goal: Conduct credible, inclusive and transparent Presidential and Parliamentary elections in and according to the Afghan Constitution, in which eligible Afghan citizens, men and women, have the opportunity to participate freely without internal or external interference in accordance with the law.
Goal: Improve access to justice for all, in particular women, by ensuring that the Constitution and other fundamental laws are enforced expeditiously, fairly and transparently; ensure that women can fully enjoy their economic, social, civil, political and cultural rights; fight against corruption, including strengthening counter-narcotics efforts; and improve the capacity of state institutions.
Goal: Achieve inclusive and sustained growth through a focus on human development, food security, private investment, and decent work and employment opportunities and the improvement of ranking in the human development index. Agency for International Development. Search Fusion Enter the terms you wish to search for. Speeches Shim. The Tokyo Framework establishes a mechanism to monitor and review commitments on a regular basis. Good governance is essential for strong and sustainable economic development and improved livelihoods of the Afghan people.
Recognizing this fact, this ability framework concretizes the mutual commitments decided in the Kabul Process and reaffirmed at the Bonn Conference by stipulating shared development and governance goals and a mechanism as described in this document to hold parties able for achieving them. At the December Bonn Conference, the International Community affirmed the special status of Afghanistan to receive donor assistance from Transition through Transformation in greater measure than similarly situated nations. The Afghan Government reaffirms its solemn commitment to strengthen governance, grounded in human rights, the rule of law, and adherence to the Afghan Constitution, and holds it as integral to sustained economic growth and development.
Working in partnership with the International Community, the Afghan Government seeks sustained development, economic growth and fiscal sustainability with declining reliance on donor financing as articulated in Towards Self-Reliance. As Afghanistan enters the Transformation Decade, progress from the past decade in areas that underpin sustained economic growth and development, especially for women and girls, such as education, health and other basic services, as well as strengthened respect for human rights, must continue.
Challenges such as vulnerability to natural disasters and humanitarian needs must also be addressed tly in an effective and appropriate manner in Transition and the Transformation Decade. Successful transition will lead to a decade of Transformation where Afghanistan will build on the benefits of Transition to become an effectively governed and economically, socially progressing country driven by its own national priorities.
This requires a paradigm shift in the nature of partnership between the Afghan Government and the International Community, from that of being recipient and donors to owner and partners. The realization of this shift necessitates re-defining the principle, reciprocal commitments and modalities of partnership, which is the purpose of the Tokyo Framework. The Tokyo Conference is the turning point to begin this re-definition in our partnership.
Principles The Tokyo Framework is based on broadly accepted principles of inclusive and sustainable economic growth and development: Governance has a direct bearing on development performance; International assistance aligned with national priority programs enhances efficiency and sustainability of development assistance; International assistance through national budgets can improve national institutional capacities, development performance, and ability to its citizens; Monitoring of development and governance benchmarks in a transparent manner is a powerful means to enable ability to the Afghan people, and reinforce reciprocal commitments of donors and the Afghan Government to improved development performance; Private investment both domestic and foreign is key to sustainable economic growth; and Regional cooperation facilitates the integration of regional economies, thus contributing to the sustainability of development efforts in Afghanistan.
The Tokyo Framework sets out a new reinvigorated development partnership between the Afghan Government and the International Community. The Afghan Government and the International Community affirm that a functional democracy based on credible and inclusive elections, a professional and efficient civil service, access to justice and the rule of law are essential to a secure, just, stable and prosperous Afghanistan. Strengthened governance and institutions with a particular focus on the rights of women are prerequisites for strong and sustainable economic growth, employment generation and prosperity for the Afghan people.
Afghanistan Governance and Development Commitments The Afghan Government and the International Community are to monitor performance for five major areas of development and governance according to the modalities described below. The desired goals and initial indicators for each area are stated below. Representational Democracy and Equitable Elections Goal: Conduct credible, inclusive and transparent Presidential and Parliamentary elections in and according to the Afghan Constitution, in which eligible Afghan citizens, men and women, have the opportunity to participate freely without internal or external interference in accordance with the law.
Indicators: Develop, by earlya comprehensive election timeline through for electoral preparations and polling dates; and Ensure that a robust electoral architecture is developed in a secure, participatory and transparent manner to enable successful and timely elections.
Governance, Rule of Law and Human Rights Goal: Improve access to justice for all, in particular women, by ensuring that the Constitution and other fundamental laws are enforced expeditiously, fairly and transparently; ensure that women can fully enjoy their economic, social, civil, political and cultural rights; fight against corruption, including strengthening counter-narcotics efforts; and improve the capacity of state institutions.
Indicators: Ensure respect for human rights for all citizens, in particular for women and children, and allow the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission and civil society organizations to perform their appropriate functions; Demonstrated implementation, with civil society engagement, of both the Elimination of Violence Against Women Law EVAWincluding through services to victims as well as law enforcement, and the implementation of the National Action Plan for Women NAPWA on an annual basis; and Enact and enforce the legal framework for fighting corruption including, for example, annual asset declarations of senior public officials including the executive, legislative and judiciary.
Integrity of Public Finance and Commercial Banking Goal: Improved integrity of public financial management and the commercial banking sector. Indicators: Implement the government program supported by the International Monetary Fund on schedule; continue to enforce asset recovery and ability for those responsible for the Kabul Bank crisis; and strengthen banking supervision and reforms through Da Afghanistan Bank; Implement Public Financial Management Action Plan and improve the management of public funds as measured by Public Expenditure and Financial ability PEFA assessment by 20 percent and raise the transparency of public funds measured by the Open Budget Initiative OBI to more than 40 percent; and Implement the recommendations from the Financial Action Task Force Asia Pacific Group regarding anti-money laundering and combating terrorist financing.
Indicators: Through more efficient, transparent and able customs and tax systems, raise the ratio of revenue collection to GDP from 11 percent to 15 percent byand to 19 percent by ; Improve budget execution to 75 percent by ; Enact a legal framework to clarify roles, and responsibilities of government agencies at national, provincial and district levels, in line with the Sub-National Governance Policy; and Develop a provincial budgeting process that includes provincial input into the relevant Ministries formulation of budget requests, linked to a provincial planning process in which Provincial Councils have their consultative roles.
Inclusive and Sustained Growth and Development Goal: Achieve inclusive and sustained growth through a focus on human development, food security, private investment, and decent work and employment opportunities and the improvement of ranking in the human development index.
International Commitment to Improving Aid Effectiveness The Participants reiterate that the Afghan Government will have special, ificant, and continuing but declining fiscal requirements that cannot be met by domestic revenues in the years following Transition as has been estimated by the World Bank and the Afghan Government in preparation for the Tokyo Conference. In this context, in the initial stage of the Transformation Decade, the International Community commits to providing over 16 billion US dollars throughand sustaining support, throughat or near levels of the past decade to respond to the fiscal gap as estimated by the World Bank and the Afghan Government.
Participating donors aim to increase the share of their assistance provided via the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund ARTF incentive program, or other mechanisms as requested or agreed by the Afghan Government, to 10 percent bywith a goal of 20 percent of funding through incentive mechanisms by the end of the Transformation Decade. Incentive programs should seek to provide the Afghan Government with more flexible, on-budget funding in conjunction with progress on specific economic development achievements.
Alignment of donor assistance to Afghan National Priorities is to be determined in reference to specific deliverables outlined by the Afghan Government in the approved NPPs. Donors intend to consult with the Afghan Government to identify appropriate funding modalities for implementing Afghan National Priorities. The International Community aims to limit the practice of sub-contracting in all specialized and labor-intensive projects to only one vertical level to reduce overhead costs and improve transparency.
Modalities The Afghan Government and the International Community decide to establish a mechanism to monitor their performance of indicators and work plans through an established review process, building on the JCMB process. The Afghan Government, facilitated by the Ministry of Finance and relevant ministries, is responsible for achieving the governance and development indicators specified in the Tokyo Framework. Development partners are responsible for delivering on their aid commitments stated in the Tokyo Declaration and the Tokyo Framework.
The Afghan Government and the International Community are to implement the Tokyo Framework according to the modalities outlined below. The Afghan Government and the International Community are to establish a transparent and regular monitoring process, building on a reinvigorated Kabul Process and JCMB, to hold each other able for reciprocal commitments. The three elements of the mechanism are: The Standing Committees and t Coordination and Monitoring Board JCMB to review progress on a regular basis; A Senior Officials Meeting to be held in and every second year subsequently to review progress and update indicators where needed; and A Ministerial-level Meeting to be held inand every second year subsequently to review progress, update indicators, assess resource requirements and renew international commitments.
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