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A staunch supporter of universal Christian suffrage voting rights independent of church membershipHooker was a renowned theologian and orator who greatly shaped the early development of colonial New England. Mary at ChelmsfordEssexaroundwhere he delivered fervent evangelical addresses.
Such church lectureships, an innovation of Puritanismcame under attack from the Church of England inand in Hooker was cited to appear before the Court of High Commission. He fled to Hollandforfeiting his bondand in immigrated to Massachusetts Bay Colony.
At New Towne now Cambridgehe became the pastor of a company of Puritans who had arrived from England the year; in expectation of his ing them, they had been called Mr. Hooker and his supporters became restive under the influence of John Cottonand in Hooker led a group to Connecticut to settle Hartford, where he served as pastor until his death. Critical of limiting suffrage to male church members with property, Hooker sought a more-universal suffrage and told the Connecticut General Court in that the people had the God-given right to choose their magistrates.
He was active in formulating the Fundamental Orders of Connecticutwhich later helped shape aspects of the Constitution of the United States of America.
In matters of church governance, Hooker preferred the more-autonomous Congregational model to the hierarchical structure of Presbyterianism and defended his views in A Survey of the Summe of Church Discipline Thomas Hooker. Fast Facts. Additional Info. Print Cite verified Cite. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
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Show more Died: July 7, Hartford Connecticut Show more Founder: Hartford Show more. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Motivated both by a distaste for the religious…. The early inhabitants of Maine and New Hampshire were controlled by Massachusetts…. Hartfordcapital of Connecticut and city coextensive with the town township of Hartford, Hartford county, U. It is a major industrial and commercial centre and a port at the head of on the Connecticut River, 38 miles 61 km from Long Island….
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